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1 Indonesian Gemstone Ministry of Trade of The Republic of Indonesia Indonesian Gemstones Exclusively Captivating
2 Indonesian Gemstone “ Indonesian Gemstones :EXCLUSIVELY CAPTIVATING ” is developed as part of national efforts to create mutualbeneficial economic cooperation and partnership betweenIndonesia and wold communities. Published in 2010 by : Trade Research and Development AgencyMinistry of Trade, Republic of Indonesia Handbook of Commodity Profile Cetakan Pertama
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4 Indonesian Gemstone Introduction The Trade Research and Development Agency is making continuous attempt tocollect, analyze and present information on various products manufactured in Indo-nesia through printed media, and at this point, we proudly present information onthe Gemstone industry and product of Indonesia.This product profile gives picturesque information about Gemstone mining andproducts as well as creative jewelry industry of Indonesia. The Gemstone traders and jewelry de-signers dedicate their expertise and craftsmanship for the jewelry trade development. Their worksand creativities have contributed and given big influence to the Gemstone industry in the country. The reader will enjoy reading the historical development of Indonesian Gemstone, starting fromthe traditional mining activities in several provinces. More interestingly, the reader will have imagi-nary journey to different provinces around the country and get the knowledge on Indonesian Gem-stone from the precious stone like Diamond to beautiful semi- precious stones such as Amethyst,Agate, Jasper, Chalcedony and Quartz, etc. found in many provinces, which in recent years havebecome the basic materials used by silver and gold jewelry designers, especially in Bali and Java.Besides, it will give a picture on Indonesian Gemstone and jewelry products produced by thepotential national manufacturers, ranging from small and medium sizes. The industries have beendeveloping and would be boosted up to enter international markets. Supporting data will be pre-sented to figure out Gemstone product development.We hope that the readers will find this book informative and enjoyable. Muchtar Head of Trade Research and Development Agency (TREDA)
5 Indonesian Gemstone Message Minister of TradeRepublic of Indonesia Mari Elka Pangestu It is with pride and joy that we share with you the information on the Indonesian Gemstoneindustry, one of the special types of numerous lines of Indonesian creative products. Indonesia isrich of mineral resources and cultural beauty which is reflected in the creation of the traditionaland modern Gemstones jewelry. Besides its decorative factor, most importantly gemstone which derived from the mineralsubstances under earth surface has potential economic benefits for the miners, the manufactur-ers, the traders and designers. In recent years, along with the development of women and men’sfashion, Indonesian Gemstones products are also developing towards a more promising future asprecious and semi-precious jewelry.When in the past Gemstone might have been considered as an entertainment product tosome collectors or treated as having mystical power to certain owners, however with more profes-sional management in the production and business method, Gemstone is now counted up moreas the new industrial business which brings revenue to the country. Indonesian Gemstone manu-facturers, traders, and designers have made substantial inroads into the international market byworking with partners who have good understanding of the Gemstone and jewelry industry inachieving maximum benefits.The Indonesian government, trade associations and the Gemstone community work collab-oratively with private sectors to enhance the Gemstone business by organizing exhibition, trademission, design competition and other business events. This booklet is presented to the readerswho are interested in exploring the richness and economic potentials of Indonesian Gemstone.
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7 Indonesian Gemstone CONTENTS THE COLORS OF THE RAINBOWSFROM EARTH ROCKS TO GLITTERING JEWELRIESINDONESIAN GEMSTONE INDUSTRYIN SUPPORT OF THE GEMSTONE INDUSTRYTHE STRENGTH OF INDONESIAN GEMSTONE INDUSTRY IN THE GLOBAL MARKET 15132734
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1 Indonesian Gemstone Gemstones and jewelry cannot be separated asthey complement other. Not only women who lovegemstone, many men are looking for unique andrare gems to be worn as accessories too. Some gem-stones are even believed to have supernatural pow-ers to bring luck. Not only precious for its decorative factor, gemstone also has economic value for thepeople who deals with it, not only the miners, but also the traders and designers. The numberscan speak by itself. In 2004 there were about 14,049 Indonesian manufacturers dealing with gemstones.They employed around 38,004 workers and produce IDR 1,102.5 billion worth of products. Export wasUSD 8,85 million in 2004 and by 2009, it has exceeded USD 10 million.There are more than 40 popular gem varieties and many rare collector gemstones. Although somegemstone varieties have been treasured since early history and others were only discovered recently,they are all nature’s gifts. The gemstone found in Indonesia consists of two main groups: preciousstones and semi precious stones. Precious Stones Diamond, ruby, sapphire, emerald, and opal are considered precious stones. Up to the discoveriesof bulk amethyst in Brazil in the 19th century, amethyst was considered a precious stone as well, goingback to ancient Greece. In the last century certain stones such as aquamarine, peridot and cat’s eye havebeen popular and hence been regarded as precious. Indonesia is very rich in natural resources, includingprecious stones. Among the precious stones, diamond has been found in significant quantity in SouthKalimantan and mined since the 16th century. Amethyst and opal are also found in numerous placesin Indonesia.
2 Indonesian Gemstone One of the greatest resources that only few people know about is the remarkable semi-preciousstones which are found in almost every province in Indonesia from Nangroe Aceh Darussalam in thewest to Papua in the east. The variation and their beauty compete with gemstones of other countries.Indonesian Postal Service had been inspired to preserve 24 Indonesian gemstones in Indonesianstamps issued annually from 1997 to 2001.The semi-precious stones and quartz found in Indonesian provinces are rich in varieties such as:To distinguish a gemstone from one to another, a close examination is needed to know each char-acteristic, such as:Hardness (Mohs Scale)Minerals1Talk2Gypsum3Calcite4Fluorite5Apatite6Orthoclase7Quartz8Topaz9Corundum10Diamond Hardness A mineral can only be scratched by a harder sub-stance. Hardness of a gemstone is its resistance toscratching and may be described relatively to a stan-dard scale of 10 minerals known as the Mohs scale.The Mohs Hardness Scale starts with talc at 1 beingthe softest and ends with diamond at 10 being thehardest. This method is also useful for grading othergemstones to distinguish whether they are preciousstones, semi-precious stones, genuine or fake. CharacteristicsSemi-Precious Stones Opal biru ( blue opal )Jasper ( variegated jasper )Biduri tawon ( silicified coral )Garnet ( garnet )Fosil kayu membatu ( petrified wood )Kalsedon ( chalcedony )Giok nefrit ( nephrite jade )Prehnit ( prehnite )Krisopal ( chrysopal )etc.Kecubung ungu ( amethyst )Kecubung kuning ( citrine )Kecubung teh ( smoky quartz )Kalimaya ( opal )Krisopras hijau ( chrysoprase )Krisokola biru ( chrysocolla )Kalsedon tembaga ( copper chalcedony )Batu meteorit ( tektite )Akik Yaman ( carnelian agate )Kecubung jarong ( purple chalcedony )
3 Indonesian Gemstone Color Gemstones are the most intensely colored natural material and have become synonymous withcolor; they lend their names to their colors. For example, ruby red, emerald green, sapphire blue, jadegreen, diamond white (colorless) etc. But the world of gemstones today has an even more extensiveselection of colors. To know exactly whether a gemstone is genuine or not a more careful look shouldbe given:The color of the real gemstone is not even and not sparkling like fake gemstoneMan-made color is darker along the gemstone’s crack lines. Other Characteristics Gemstones have other characteristics such as refraction, pleoclorism, mineral exclusion etc. Onecan only know these characteristics by making a close examination with special instruments such asrefraction meter, dichroscope, microscope etc. Gravity Specific gravity is the number of times heavier a gemstone of any volume is than an equal volume ofwater; in other words, it is the ratio of the density of the gemstone to the density of water. There are nouniversally accepted grading systems for any gemstone other than white (colorless) diamond. However,to give some idea about gemstone classification, below is the sample of Gemstone Family Classification ofprecious and semi-precious stones originated from Indonesia. The specific gravity and a couple of simplemeasurements can be used to estimate the carat weight of a stone. Index of Refraction shows the amountby which light is refracted, an important feature of every gemstone. To measure the characteristic of thegemstones, special instruments are needed such as refractometer, dichroscope, microscope, etc. Source : Central Board of Statistics Gemstone NameGemstone GrafityMohs Hardness Index Refraction Gemstone Family Agate2.657.0 Mohs1.530-1.550QuartzColor-change Garnet3.50-4.306.5 – 7.5 Mohs1.730–1.760GarnetAmethyst2.657.0 Mohs1.532-1.554QuartzCitrine2.657.0 Mohs1.532-1.554QuartzSmocky Quartz2.657.0 Mohs1.540-1550QuartzOpaL1.98 - 2.255.5-6.5 Mohs1.440 - 1.460OpalChrysoprase2.657.0 Mohs1.530 - 1.550QuartzOnyx2.657.0 Mohs1.531-1.539QuartzChalcedony2.657.0 Mohs1.544 - 1.553QuartzDemantoid3.50 - 4.306.5-7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.900GarnetJasper2.657.0 Mohs1.540 - 1.550QuartzAndradite3.50 - 4.306.5-7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940GarnetGarnet3.50 - 4.306.5-7.5 Mohs1.730 - 1.760GarnetDiamond3.5110 Mohs2.417DiamondTopazolite3.50 - 4.306.5-7.5 Mohs1.880 - 1.940GarnetSpessartine3.50 - 4.306.5-7.5 Mohs1.790 - 1.810GarnetNephrite2.90 - 3.106.0 Mohs1.600 - 1.641Jade
4 Indonesian Gemstone FROM EARTH ROCKS 4 Indonesian Gemstone
5 Indonesian Gemstone Mining Indonesia has great potential of precious stones, particularly diamond and varieties of semi pre-cious stones. The most famous source is located in South Kalimantan, where many people are focusedon the gemstone mining industry, particularly at Cempaka Village, 10 km from Martapura, the near-est major town, and 43 km southeast of Banjarmasin, the provincial capital. Besides Cempaka, thereare some other 5 or 6 gemstone and diamond mining villages around the area. Here, there are about30,000 to 40,000 people employed in gemstone industry, both in the mines and in Martapura. Explora-tion of gemstones is still done by using traditional technique by extending tunnel from the bottom ofthe shafts. In some other places people explore the gemstones by mining the base of the shallow riversor by breaking up the wall of a hill.The traditional technique used by the miners is to dig 5 m-deep shafts using traditional technique,extending tunnel from the bottom of the shafts. The mud is handed to the top of bamboo baskets, andthen shifted and washed in flowing water in order to find the gems.,There is an indication that a diamond is nearby if otherprecious stone is found in the pan such as kelulut oramparan stones.Many large diamonds have been found overthe past 150 years at Cempaka area. There was 167carat diamond found in 1965, which was namedTrisakti. In 1990, a 48 carat diamond was found andwas named Intan Galuh Pampung, and later in 2008,a 200 carat diamond was also found. The cutting andpolishing are centered in Martapura where there aremany jewelry shops selling stones of all qualities.
6 Indonesian Gemstone Gemstone Cutting People usually cut the gemstone in two different shape, simple traditional round or oval shape withsmooth surface or diamond shape cut with a lot of facets. Gems which are transparent are normallyfaceted; a method which shows the optical properties of the stone’s interior to its best advantage bymaximizing reflected light which is perceived by the viewer as sparkle. There are many commonlyused shapes for faceted stones. The facets must be cut at the proper angles, which vary dependingon the optical properties of the gem. If the angles are too steep or too shallow, the light will passthrough and not be reflected back toward the viewer. The faceting machine is used to hold the stoneonto a flat lap for cutting and polishing the flat facets. Rarely, some cutters use special curved lapsto cut and polish curved facets.In Indonesia, the traditional cut is simply using modest equipment made of an IDR 50,000 (aboutUSD 5) bicycle wheels or more modern machinery which costs about IDR 40 million. The sim-plest equipment can produce around 40 pieces out of 1 kg rough gemstone, but in comparison,modern equipment can produce approximately 150 pieces out of 1 kg rough materials, more pro-ductive and more profitable.The first step in processing gemstone is to remove all fractures and inclusion. This is done with theaid of a high speed diamond saw blade. The thin blade is specially designed to minimize weight losswhen making a cut. This process must be done very carefully and thoughtfully, as this step deter-mines the gems shape and size. A wrong cut can mean the difference between a profit and a loss.The next step after the sawing is to form the gems into their actual shapes. The forming is usu-ally done on a diamond grinding wheel lubricated by water. Depending on the type of gems, theamount of water used is critical to prevent the gems from getting too hot, which could crack them.Gemstone cutting is done at various levels, ranging from household activities by farmers andordinary people to larger scale production by factory workers. In many Indone-sian mining sites, gem cutting are done with traditional techniques while inbig cities the manufacturers have used more modern machineries. Cutting
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8 Indonesian Gemstone Diamond Cutting The process of maximizing the value of finished diamonds,from a rough diamond into a polished gemstone, is both anart and a science. The choice of cut is influenced by manyfactors such as market factors which include diamondsweight loss, and the popularity of certain shapes amongstconsumers. Physical factors include the original shape ofthe rough stone, and location of the inclusions and errorsto be eliminated.A simplified round brilliant cut process includes the following stages:Sawing the rough stone.Table setting where one facet is created. The table facet is then used to attach the stone into a dop.Bruting (rounding or girdling) the girdle.Blocking 4 main pavilion facets.Transferring to another dop. This is done to rotate the stone.Blocking 4 main crown facets.Cutting and polishing all pavilion facets.Transferring to another dop.Cutting and polishing all crown facets.The actual process includes many more stages depending on the size and quality of the rough stone.For example, bigger stones are first scanned to get the 3-dimensional shape, which is then used to findthe optimal usage. The scanning may be repeated after each stage and bruting may be done in severalsteps, each bringing the girdle closer to the final shape.Any style of diamond cutting other than the Round Brilliant or single cuts is called a ‘fancy cut’,or ‘fancy shape’. The most popular fancy cuts include the Marquise, Emerald, Oval, Pear, and Heart.Smaller Brilliant-cut diamonds and other small diamonds, called ‘melee’ are used in decorative mount-ings for larger gemstones.Diamond cutting must be done by highly skilled labor withadvanced technology. The key technique is how to set the dia-mond proportion so that it will create the maximum brillianceand dispersion. A precise calculation must be made before cut-ting the diamond to the required shape and style. It takes atleast three years for one to become a skilled cutter.
9 Indonesian Gemstone Equipment There are three types of equipment used in the Indonesian gemstone cutting:Traditional Equipmento Table setting where the machine is placed.o The girdle for rounding or girdling the gems using bysycle wheelo BambooElectrical Machineo Big cutting machineo Small cutting machineo Polish machineo Smoother machineo Facet machineo Mechanical drillModern Ultrasonic Machineo Ultrasonic drillero Ultrasonic Multi Formo Special Ultrasonico Multiple cutter machineo Tumbler machine (Sujatmiko, 2006)
10 Indonesian Gemstone The 2003 finding by an Indonesian archeologist Lutfi Yondri in West Java area proved that gemstone asjewelry has been known by the Indonesian since 5600 up to 7300 BC. Ornaments like bracelets made ofgreen jasper were also found in Purbalingga, central Java between 1983-1986 in an archeological research, itwas proved that the jewelry was made circa 3500 BC.Casting, forming and polishing of metal to be fixed with precious stones to form a piece of accessoriesneeds a considerable skill and ability, particularly in fixing of jewels in the setting. Accessories designing nowbecome very important due to competition in the international markets. Besides, jewelry and accessories arefashion products, always changing in style.Nowadays precious or semi-precious stones, such a distinction is no longer made by the trade. Manysemi-precious gemstones are used in even the most expensive jewelry, depending on the brand name of thedesigner, fashion trends, market supply, treatments etc. Nevertheless, diamonds, rubies, sapphires and emer-alds still have a reputation that exceeds those of other gemstones.Indonesian designers have been utilizing a lot of varieties of semi-precious stones in their jewelry designsand even on the fashionable evening dress. Considering on the development of jewelry products and designswith their product diversification, many jewelry designers feel that lapidary or stone-cutting work should beencouraged and developed.Indonesian gemstones have been considered as the most beautiful stones to be used in modern fine de-signers work. For example Irwan Holmes, a US multi award-winning jewelry designer, on January 2010 man-aged to put together a jewelry exhibition in Jakarta that included over 1,000 incredible stones and some 300unique and creative jewels, mostly agates and fossilized corals, all from Indonesia.Although Jakarta is not a gemstone producer, it has become the jewelry manufacturing and trading cen-ter, absorbing all kinds of gemstones from all over Indonesia. Some famous and experienced jewelry tradersin Indonesia, among others are Fritz and Linda Spiro, who have been dealing with precious, semi-preciousstone and diamond jewelry for more than six decades. Other talented world class designer from younger gen-eration is Kunang Andries, who in her career gained international education and experience from prominentjewelry designers including Mikimoto in Japan.Among many gemstone shops there is one well known shop which attracts tourists and expatriates work-ing in Indonesia. Fandiasta was established by Fan Sindhunata in 1976 and provides accessories for Javanesetraditional wedding dress. In the 90s, the focus changed completely to the creation of pearl jewelry, utilizingpearls cultivated in farms in Maluku. The more recent introduction of semi-precious stones and crystal jew-elry has further expanded the range of goods sold at Fandiasta. The semi-precious stone beads come bothfrom Indonesia and beyond its borders, with over 30 types of stones – from amethyst to white onyx. Gemstone and Jewelry Design
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13 Indonesian Gemstone INDONESIAN GEMSTONEINDUSTRY Development of Gemstones and GemstonesIndustry in Indonesia Geologically, the formation of Indonesia began since more than 410 million years ago, and is con-tinuously undergoing tectonic and volcanic activities that is creating rich mineral source in gemstonesformulation. This natural geological process has made Indonesia potential for its gemstone asset.Gemstones are the substances from various kinds of minerals, organic substances under earth sur-face. Gemstone is also called precious or semi-precious stone, or jewel as a piece of attractive mineral,it is cut, polished and engraved into different shapes, and used to make jewelry or other adornments.However certain rocks, such as lapis-lazuli, and organic materials, such as amber are not minerals, butare still used for jewelry, and are therefore often considered being gemstones as well. Most gemstonesare hard, but some soft minerals are used in jewelry because of their luster or other physical propertiesthat have aesthetic value. Rarity is another characteristic that lends value to a gemstone. Natural organicsubstances such as amber, pearl, coral, ivory, and some others are included as gemstones.
14 Indonesian Gemstone Even semi precious stones are rich in colors and variation, they have less economic value if com-pared with the precious stones, however, they have important strategic value for the people’s economy.Since the production sites are mostly found in less developed area, the abundance of resources couldgive great revenue to the village people. This potency can be explored by the government by develop-ing the mines, processing and marketing the products. It is believed that the program would be able todecrease poverty and also to create employment opportunities for the poor.Provinces where attractive types of gemstones were found in last few years are:Nangroe Aceh Darussalam (green aventurine, light green nephrite jade and fluorite)Bengkulu ( good quality amber)South Sumatera ( transparent agatized wood, mushroom chalcedony, crystal blue agate)Banten (chrysoprase, jasper, geode, opal and fossilized wood)West Java (fire jasper, calligraphic jasper, silicified coral, steel silicified)Central Java (stalactite chalcedony, multi-color jasper, heliotrope)East Java ( mesolite, flower chalcedony, multi-color jasper)South Kalimantan (amethyst, various quartz, chalcedony and diamond)East Nusa Tenggara ( various colored agate, opal )Maluku ( garnet )North Maluku (chrysocolla, blue-green quartz , multi-color chalcedony)Central Sulawesi (serpentine, green soap stone )Southeast Sulawesi ( white and light green opal, chrysocolla )OthersMore new explorations are expected in the future since many of the provinces are notyet explored, for instance Papua and Central Sulawesi. According to some recent explora-tions in Sukabumi, West Java has been found blue opal; some miners found purple chalcedo-ny in Talaud archipelago; people in Banten newly found agate and geode. Among the provincesof Indonesia, there are 5 biggest areas producing such beautiful gemstones. Gemstones Industry in South Kalimantan South Kalimantan produces gemstones like amethyst, various beautiful quartz and diamond. Thisarea’s main product is diamond, which gives income to many people.Based on some observations, the diamonds produced by this area are of high quality. Many foreign-ers who come directly to the mining sites would love to bring the diamonds abroad to be cut, polishedand sold in overseas markets.Martapura mining production reached up to 6000 carats per month. Many large diamonds have
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16 Indonesian Gemstone been found over the past 150 years at the nearby Cempaka area. There was 167 carat diamond found in1965, which was named Trisakti. In 1990, a 48 carat diamond was found and was named Intan GaluhPampung, and later in 2008, a 200 carat diamond was also found. The cutting and polishing are cen-tered in Martapura where there are many jewelry shops selling stones of all qualities.Other provinces which produce semi-precious stones are the neighboring Central Kalimantan, inPangkalan Bun, and West Kalimantan.Diamond certification is administered by the Ministry of Industry provincial office whose officialshave been train overseas to become experts in diamond and gem examination.In Martapura small and big gemstone stores are spreading around the city displaying various kindsof gemstones, untied or designed jewelry, precious and semi-precious stones. One of the famous storesis Zamrud Plaza, which was established 40 year ago by the first generation of the family. The shop hasthree branches in the city and one in Jakarta; all are selling high quality diamond as their main product.Besides diamond, a lot of local semi-precious stones are on the showcase and many other orna-ments and handicrafts are made of gemstones, showing off the originality of the natural stoneslike beautiful amethyst and agate.The display and the interior design of the shop are very much characterized and influencedby the western, modern gallery style. Farhat Abdullah has a vision towards modernizationwhich reflects in the jewelry designs offered in the showcase. Farhat Abdullah has been activelypromoting his products through overseas trade fairs either organized by the government as wellas by the associations, such as:1. ‘Martapura Diamond Traders Association (Persatuan Pedagang Intan Martapura) chairedby H. Abdullah Assegaf2. Gemstones Society (Masyarakat Batu Mulia) chaired by Soejatmiko, a gemstone expert.3. Gemstones Foundation (Yayasan Mutu Manikam) chaired by Ani Soesilo Bambang Yu-doyono.The incomes of most of the medium and big size gemstone stores are about IDR 500 million permonth, as they deal mostly with diamond. The precious and semi-precious stones are sold as souveniritems for the shoppers coming from different parts of Indonesia.Several smaller gem shops in Martapura are Udin Permata, Al Hidayah and Indah Permata. All arelocated at Cahaya Bumi Selamat (CBS) gem-center in Martapura, and most have been in the businessfor more than 10 to 20 years. Merchandise sold is almost the same in each of the shops, men’s andwomen’s rings, earrings, bracelets, necklaces, brooches and different kinds of ornaments and handi-
17 Indonesian Gemstone crafts. Diamonds are sold in every shop at the CBS, but in different amount as compared to each other.Udin Shop for example, has less diamond collection but has different kinds of ethnical handicrafts andtraditional herbs. A lot of synthetic gems and jewelery from China are also sold at these smaller shopsto attract more buyers to visit the shops and to increase sales as the fake gems are cheaper and affordablefor younger and frugal customers. Very few gemstone shops found in Banjarmasin, the capital city of South Kalimantan, mostly lo-cated at the traditional market and shopping area, and at the airport, mixed with handicrafts merchan-dises.In Kalimantan, people prefer to use natural gold rather than silver or white gold (platinum) for theirjewelry and diamond is commonly used with natural gold (yellow). The producers are having prob-lems with the availability of metal or gold molding products. Gemstones Industry in Jakarta Jakarta has no gemstone mines, but it has become the center for gemstone second biggest marketafter Martapura. Both diamond and gemstones are having big market. The table below shows the ex-port of gemstone from Jakarta. Although Jakarta does not have gems mines; the gems traded here isquite good, especially after the inauguration of several gem centers at Rawabening and Ciputat, in theneighboring district. Almost all traditional market places have shops that sell gemstones. As Jakarta designers have created more modern designs for gemstone jewelry, people are payingmore appreciation to the local gemstones which usually coated with silver or white gold.Jakarta has become the biggest diamond industry in Indonesia,more and more diamond stores are built at almost every shop-ping center.
18 Indonesian Gemstone Gemstones Industry in Bali Similar to Jakarta, Bali does not have gemstone mines, so all of the gemstones are imported from otherprovinces. However, jewelry export from Bali is quite big. The following table shows exports of gemstonefrom Bali.It started in 1985 when tourists from many different countries poured in to Bali for vacation and holidaysThey were amazed by the Balinese arts in making beautiful artistic silver jewelry combined with gemstoneimported either from overseas or other gems producing provinces like South Kalimantan, East Java, Bantenetc. The world has acknowledged that Balinese jewelry arts has high marketing value in the developed coun-tries because of its highly artistic value. Many Balinese were bewildered when so many foreigners investedtheir money in the jewelry industry, especially gemstones-decorated silver jewelries. Some of these foreign-ers used traditional and ancestral motives and designs and claimed them as their own creation and demandintellectual property protection. It is a sensitive issue for many Balinese, but it doesn’t stop them from creat-ing new desings and products.Maha Blanco Jewelry is one of the famous Balinese jewelry producer. It is named after the owner, MahaDewi Blanco, daughter of the late Philipine-born Spaniard Antonio Blanco, a world-famous visual artist, andNi Ronji, a celebrated Balinese dancer. Her jewelry designs are a combination of Spanish and Balinese arts. HSDESCRIPTIONVALUE200420052006200720082009 7102210000Diamonds, unworked or simply- 4,928,569 2,234,584 - 2,217,038 9,055sawn, cleaved or bruted, industrial7102310000Diamonds, unworked or simply- - 5,018,643 3,357,777 431,863 -sawn, cleaved or bruted,non-industrial 7103910000Rubies, sapphires & emeralds, 53,034 - 1,634 - - -worked 7104900000Other synthetic precious stones, 5,932 3,884 623,561 - - -worked7116200000Articles of precious/semi-precious- - - 2,136 118,345 572,652stones ( natural / synthetic /reconstructed )Other categories of 3,441 24 - - 10,008 -Gemstone productsTOTAL62,407 4,932,477 7,878,422 3,359,913 2,777,254 581,707 JAKARTA EXPORT of Precious & Semi-precious Stones ( 2004-2009 ) Source : BPS - Statistics Indonesia in (US$)
19 Indonesian Gemstone Many of the jewelries use agate stones, which are available in the local markets like at the agate market in Kutaor Satria market in Denpasar. Besides for local consumption, her jewelry products are exported to USA,Spain, Italy and France. The company has also promoted its product through participation in several tradefairs organized by the Government of Indonesia.Bali Jewelry Company is founded in 2004 by Deni Ariyasa, a local Balinese but had his share of experi-ence in jewelry design from an American jewelry business in Bali. His application of traditional Balinese de-signs has been challenged by foreign-owned jeweler claiming intellectual property rights breached, a disputehe won in court and led to further growth to his company.Deni’s designs are silver jewelry with combination of gemstones, particularly amethyst from Pacitan andcitrin from South Kalimantan. His silver jewelry business is potential to compete with other countries whichproduce similar products, such as Thailand, China, Mexico and India. The main export destination is USAand Europe.Other jewelry businesses include Led Studio, Grammes and Prapen Jewelry companies. Led Studio wasestablished in 1986, producing silver jewelry designs decorated with drusy stone or quartz from Java. In 1987they started to produce jewelry combination of silver and shell. The product was exported to the UnitedKingdoms and United States of America. In 1996, Led opened a branch shop in Yogyakarta and they col-laborate with a Dutch non-governmental organization and the World Bank to provide training to many BALI EXPORT of Precious & Semi-precious Stones (2004-2009) HSDESCRIPTIONVALUE200420052006200720082009 7102100000Diamonds, unsorted 5,344 22,553 620 - - - 7103100000Precious stones, unworked or simply 2,889 22,331 - - - -sawn or roughly shaped 7103910000Rubies, sapphires & emeralds, - - 4,708 - - -worked 7103990000Other precious stones, worked 1,052 208 6,295 - - - 7116200000Articles of precious/semi-precious413 5,710 110,622 376,539 - -stones (natural / synthetic /reconstructed) Other categories of gemstone3,110 11,639 9,829 - - 625productsTotal12,808 62,441 132,074 376,539 - 625 Source : BPS - Statistics Indonesia in (US$)
20 Indonesian Gemstone Small and Medium Scale Enterprises and sell the products through the internet.Grammes Jewelry also uses agate and quartz in their products, which are available from local gems mar-ket Pasar Burung in Denpasar. They have already exported their products to Italy, spain, France and Ger-many. It is common in Bali that the jewelry producers use a lot of amethyst, agate and druze quartz. Naturalgold is less fashionable compared to silver which is most favored by the consumers. Gemstones Industry in West Java Sukabumi is the richest area for semi precious stones like assorted of jasper (fire and calligraphic jas-per), silicified coral, and steel silicified coral, amethyst, chrysoprase, chrysocolla, citrine and blue opal.People here have started to create more unique pieces from the stones, although their exposure to theglobal market is less than Jakarta or Bali. In additon to gems, this area is producing huge amount of fossil-ized wood in different sizes, profiles and textures. Tasikmalaya area has been explored recently for its redjasper in huge amount, while South Garut is potential for its ruby and multi-colored agate (panca warnaagate).Panca warna means “five colors” in Sanskrit, a term usedfor decades or perhaps centuries to refer to the multi-colored agates and jaspers of Indonesia, more par-ticularly for stones from Garut. Panca refers tostones with five colors that command the high-est prices. If black and white are counted ascolors, these rare and valuable stones couldcontain five, six, or even seven colors. It oftencontains a lot of black and white, thus show-ing deep contrast in the colors, which is one ofits special features. These multi colored agate areoften very expensive. The picturesque chalcedonygemstone is found in Halu Mountain, a district in thewest of Bandung. Gemstones Industry in East Java East Java, particularly Pacitan district, is rich with mesolite, picturesque chalcedony and multi-col-ored jasper. Fossilized wood and quartz can also be found. In Donorejo and many other villages aroundthis area, small gemstone industries, mostly agate stones, are fully grown not just as contemporaneoushome industries but have become the most important source of income of the local people.The government supported partnership project, called Gemstone Industrial Advocacy Unit (UBIB-AM), together with the government own fertilizer company PT Pupuk Pusri, which act as the patron,
21 Indonesian Gemstone
22 Indonesian Gemstone have been successful in developing 72 agate smallindustries and elevated the income of the peoplewho are dealing in this business. The produc-tion of jewelry in these villages are as highas 37,500 pieces of gemstones permonth, consisting of rings, earrings,pendants, necklaces, handicraft itemslike statues, fashion accessories and otherkinds of ornaments and decorations. Theseproducts are marketed through Surabaya, thecapital city of East Java and other cities like Solo,Yogyakarta, Sukabumi, Jakarta and well received in SaudiArabia. The jewelry products of East Java for pearl, gemstones,gold, silver and imitation jewelry reached up to 839,089.60 kg in the yearof 2000. Gemstones Industry in Sumatra, Eastern Indonesia and Other Areas Rich in mineral resources, Nangroe Aceh Darussalam in the northern end of the Island ofSumatera is famous for its beautiful gemstones, e.g. the light green nephrite jade and soap stone.Fluorite and green aventurine have recently found mainly at Blangkejeren village in Gayo Luesdistrict.Lampung, in the southern part of Sumatra has transparent agatized wood, mushroom chalcedony,and beautiful crystal blue agate. Further up north in Bengkulu people have found gemstone called biduritawon which is silicified coral, and good quality amber. Belitung area has chrysoprase, chrysocolla, jasperand chalcedony.Batu Bungur, a local name for beautiful agate, is found in abundance in Tanjung Bintang District,South Lampung and Blambangan Umpu district in Way Kanan. The gem, especially the agate rings, arefavored by many young executives who mostly believe agate could give magical power to raise self confi-dence of the user and bring good luck. Many gemstone stores located at Pasar Tengah, Bandar Lampungsell beautiful sparkling purple agate (Batu Bungur), which has premier quality highly sought after by gemcollectors from all over Indonesia. The stones can command higher price compared to the agate stonesfrom other parts of Indonesia like Sukabumi in West java. 22 Indonesian Gemstone
23 Indonesian Gemstone East Nusa Tenggara is potential for various colored agate and opal. Maluku has garnet. In North Malu-ku, chrysocolla, blue-green quartz, and multi-color chalcedony are found. Central Sulawesi has serpentineand green soap stone, while Southeast Sulawesi has white and light green opal and chrysocolla. A stonewith local name, the green ‘Bacan’, is found in Bacan Island and Maluku.The province of Banten is rich with gemstones and other minerals, including gold. Chrysoprase, jas-per, geode, and opal are mainly found in Lebak and Pandenglang districts, while fossilized wood is foundin Serang districts. Kalimaya is a famous gemstone found in Banten.Stalactite chalcedony and multi-colored jasper are the main gemstone products of Central Java. How-ever, a few years ago heliotrope stone, or also called Christ’s blood stone, were found in Purbalingga dis-trict. Jewelry manufacturers in the neighboring tourist city of Yogyakarta are the consumer of the gems,although part of the production is send to the jewelers in the other cities. 23 Indonesian Gemstone NO. PROVINCEVALUE20052006200720082009 1JAKARTA SPECIAL PROVINCE3.684 4.909 5.434 5.4025.2152B A L I5.515 7.758 3.726 6.6354.9883WEST NUSA TENGGARA 102 244 328 -1044SOUTH SULAWESI 223 223 21 0865GORONTALO- 122 101 - 276CENTRAL JAWA - - 1,825 -17RIAU73 - 21 1108NORTH SULAWESI- - 461 --9EAST NUSA TENGGARA 167 2 29 --10 EAST JAWA3 76 1 --TOTAL9.767 13.334 11.946 12.04810.422 INDONESIAN EXPORT OF PRECIOUS & SEMI PRECIOUS STONESBY PROVINCE, 2005 TO 2009 Source : BPS - Statistics Indonesia in US$ (thousand)
24 Indonesian Gemstone NEPHRITE JADEBLUE OPALAMETHYSTGARNETSERPENTINEWOOD FOSILSILICIFIED CORALJAVAN JADEDIAMONDAGATEAMETHYSTCITRINESMOKY QUARTZDIAMONDTECTITE Selected Geographical Distrib ution of Gemstone Reso urces in In AGATEWOOD FOSILOPALGEODECHRYSOPALCHRYSOCOLLANATIVE COPPERMULTICOLORED JASPERWOOD FOSILTECTITE
25 Indonesian Gemstone CHRYSOPALAGATECHRYSOCOLLASERPENTINERHODOCHROSITEMALACHITE ical Distrib ution of one Reso urces in Indonesia No PROVINCEGEMSTONES1 Nangroe Aceh Darussalam Green aventurine, light green nephrite jade and fluorite2Bengkulu Good quality amber3South Sumatera Transparent agatized wood, mushroom chalcedony, crystal blue agate4Banten Chrysoprase, jasper, geode, opal and fossilized wood5 West Java Fire jasper, calligraphic jasper, silicified coral, steel silicified6Central Java Stalactite chalcedony, multi-color jasper, heliotrope7 East Java Mesolite, flower chalcedony, multi-color jasper8South Kalimantan Amethyst, various quartz, chalcedony and diamond9East Nusa TenggaraVarious colored agate, opal10 Maluku Garnet11 North Maluku Chrysocolla, blue-green quartz , multi-color chalcedony12 Central Sulawesi Serpentine, green soap stone13 Southeast Sulawesi White and light green opal, chrysocolla
26 Indonesian Gemstone 26 Indonesian Gemstone
27 Indonesian Gemstone GEMSTONEINDUSTRY IN SUPPORT OF THE 27 Indonesian Gemstone Traditionally, gemstones are the domainof kings and the aristocracies. They, afterall, are the ones that benefit most fromthe beauty, stature, and perceived magicalpower of gemstones.But Indonesian effort to develop a na-tional gemstone industry is not just an ef-fort that will only benefit the upper-class.As we will see, it is a national effort by vari-ous levels of governments, academics, cor-porations, and gemstone community thatwill increase the prosperity of the wholecountry.
28 Indonesian Gemstone Government Supports No one denies that a society has a close relationship with its nature and traditional art, for examplethe tradition of Indonesian gemstones mines and jewelry production has been handed over from gen-eration to generation and has now become a part of the Indonesian piece of art and handicraft. TheIndonesian government gives full supports and will continue to preserve them and give opportunitiesto the society to manage the natural wealth and learn the traditions as well as improve the economiccondition of the people. However, the government is aware that various artworks in Indonesia could bemarginalized if they can not adapt to changes.A large number of miners prefer to sell raw materials, especially diamond, directly to foreign tour-ists and business buyers. They will bring those diamonds to other cities or countries for processing.For small businesses and individual miners, who are mostly poor laborers from surrounding villages,this decision is driven by economic pressure to earn money. Because of it, many added values from theprocessing stages are earned elsewhere, and the locals received the smallest number of income. TheIndonesian government is well aware of this, and many policies are formed to keep most of the process-ing, and their respective added values, within domestic industries.The Indonesian Government actively encourages and supports the art of gemstone productionwith its technology development in manufacturing jewelry and the increasing market demand whichwill increase the economic prosperity and condition of the people. The supports have been given toboth government and independent institutions that are concerned about the beauty and natural attrac-tion of the Indonesian gemstones.This national government in Jakarta is not alone in this, many gemstone and jewelry manufacturersin the country also support this view. And for their parts, the local governments of regions with signifi-cant gemstone industry (such as Martapura, Banten, Sukabumi, Pacitan, Bandung, Lampung and otherpotential areas all over Indonesia) have also devised various policies to foster the gemstone industry.For most ordinary citizens, the most visible result is the development of various gemstone markets inthe country. Take Martapura, a small city in South Kalimantan where nearly one third of the residentsworking as gemstone miners and traders. It is a popular attraction for tourists coming from variousprovinces or even foreigners to buy diamond and various kinds of colorful Indonesian semi-preciousstones. As we will see, government and industry have worked together in Martapura to established athriving industrial cluster, with Cahaya Bumi Selamat as a proud example, but more on this later. Government Ministries The government have constantly reviewed its trade policy and provided useful facilities such asbuilding market places and gem centers, bought modern machineries etc. Improved financial systemsenable banks to provide low-interest loans to help gemstone producers to increase and diversify prod-ucts. The Ministry of Trade and Ministry of Industry are constantly providing training on product
29 Indonesian Gemstone development, trade promotion, design, etc. to enable gem producers to compete in global markets.Many trade exhibitions showcasing Indonesian handicrafts which include gemstones and other prod-ucts have been organized in big cities.National Agency for Export Development (NAFED), for instance, a unit of the Ministry of Tradeis the organizer of Trade Expo Indonesia in Jakarta, the largest export-oriented exhibition in Indonesia.The online exhibition of Indonesian producers is also available at NAFED’s virtual exhibition websiteat www.nafedve.com.Toincrease the prosperity of the gemstone producers and people who work in the gemstone mines,the government through the Ministry of Trade had issued a Ministerial Decree number 385 year 2004to ban the export of raw gemstone materials which regulates the general rules of export, which has theimplication to the costumes duties as well. The regulation wasmeant to support gemstone product development by encourag-ing the miners and traders to process raw materials in the coun-try so that the added value would increase and the selling priceof the processed product would become much higher. Banks Besides providing loans for the small and medium scale en-terprises, there are some programs that are financed by the gov-ernment bank to develop the gemstone and jewelry industry inseveral provinces. Take as an example, the Gemstone CuttingUnit of the Bank Indonesia Employee Cooperation which is lo-cated at Km 37 between Banjarmasin and Martapura (45 Kmfrom Banjarmasin). This project was promoted and supportedby Bank Indonesia with the purpose of developing the qualityof Martapura diamond product to the international standardlevel. It is the fact that Martapura diamond has the same qualityas diamond produced by the United States of America and Eu-rope. Diamond characteristics are determined by the Four Cs:color, clarity, cut and carat weight which needs modern machin-ery to produce better facetted diamond, so based on this con-sideration in 1980 the Bank through the project bought modernmachineries from the Netherlands which is well-known of itsMesh Diamond cutting machines. Staff members were sent tothe Netherlands to learn how to operate the machine. In 1997 the cooperative project was officiallyopened and it started to operate until now. Besides the gem cutting section, they operate a diamondand gems show room.
30 Indonesian Gemstone Gem Centers/Markets Developed by Local Governments In various locations in Indonesia, the provincial, municipal or district governments have done a lotto provide their residents and local businesses with the best facilities to support their venture. The mostimportant, perhaps, are the gem centers.Jakarta Gems CenterThe Jakarta market for gemstones is located at the Jakarta Gems Center in Rawa Bening,East Jakarta, located right in front of the Jatinegara train station. It was renovated and officiallyreopened in May 2010 by the Governor. The renovated gems center is part of the city’s effortsto promote its specialized markets, and also to maintain traditional markets among tight com-petition with modern shopping centers. It has 1,355 stores consisting of 897 kiosks, and 372counters. The market has been known as a center for jewels, gemstones and also manufacturedgems for so many years. Its collection of beautiful gems is known throughout the country, evensurpassing international boundaries.All of them offer various selections of beautiful stones with prices ranging from IDR 5,000to as much as IDR 150 million. Ready-to-wear gemstones are not the only goods to be seenhere; people can also order various rings, bracelets and chains. The choices of design are variedto be made specifically according to customer’s request.One of the main attractions in this market in Rawabening is the agate stone, popularlyknown as ‘akik’ stone in Indonesia. The agate stone is easily found in many parts in Indonesia,with many varieties in colors. One of the characteristic of the agate which people like is its colorswhen biased by sunlight and the unique ‘patterns’ or ‘pictures’ inside the stone, sometimes hold-ing unique imageries within it, such as silhouettes of animals and religious symbols. These rarestones are believed to bring good luck to its owner.Buyers can get certain guarantees of the legitimacy of the gemstones they buy from an inter-national certification institute in Central Jakarta.Ciputat Gem Center, BantenThe Ciputat Gemstone Center or known as SBC (Sentra Batuan Ciputat) was built in 2006located in Tangerang, Banten awarded by the local government. This place is designed to be acentralized location for gemstone display, promotion, sales and research in Indonesia. Expertsbelieve that the establishment of the center will gear the gemstone society up to realize thatIndonesia has very rich natural gemstones, valuable resources.At the opening of the center, experts reminded the gemstone producers that the raw materi-als would bring enormous benefits if it is processed to become finished products and this will 30 Indonesian Gemstone
31 Indonesian Gemstone bring Indonesia to become world class gemstone producer. For comparison, if the export of rawmaterials reach a total of USD 4 to 5 million, the export of finished gemstone would amount toUSD 283 million per year. Kebun Sayur Gemstone Center in BalikpapanKebun Sayur market in Balikpapan, East Kalimantan, is a special traditional market forhandicrafts and gemstones, one of the tourist attractions in this province. The market offers va-rieties of precious and semi-precious stones, such as agate, amethyst, opal, topaz and turquoise.The majority of the semi-precious stones come from Kalimantan’s mines, however to meet dif-ferent buyers’ demands some of the jewelries are also decorated with gemstones from othercountries. The local ethnic, Dayak people combine all kinds of colors in designing necklaces,bracelets, brooches and other kinds of jewelry making their creations rich in ethnical touch,classical and elegant.Cahaya Bumi Selamat (CBS) MartapuraMartapura in South Kalimantan is well-known as “Diamond City,” the icon of Banjar dis-trict. The diamond trade has been going on since 1950 until now; many traders do big diamondbusiness deals in this small city.Special attention is given to uphold the traditional diamond traders which are considered asnational cultural asset. To preserve this tradition, in April 2008 the district government, BupatiKhairul Saleh had built a gem center called Cahaya Bumi Selamat, 40 km fromBanjarmasin the capital city of South Kalimantan. The objective was to honorthe traditional gemstone traders who have become the cultural symbol andprides of Martapura city.The other objective was to give a better place for the traditional traderswhere they could display and market their products, and to create easy accessfor the customers to buy precious and semi precious stones at a one stop gemmarket. Besides various kinds of local gemstones products are displayed, gem-stones from other provinces are also available on sales.Cahaya Bumi Selamat Gem Center, which accommodates almost 100 diamond and gem-stone stores, is visited daily by foreign and domestic tourists reaching up to 10,000 people onweekdays, and 20,000 at weekend or holiday.The provincial government had planned to build a gold and silver casting site closed to thearea of the gem center, as producing gemstone jewelry need metal or gold casts (rings, neck-laces, brooches and other accessories). 31 Indonesian Gemstone
32 Indonesian Gemstone Other Gems CentersGems Centers are spread out in many big cities in Indonesia, like Kayun Gems Market inSurabaya, Setinggil Gem Market in Solo, and plenty of small and big stores selling gemstonejewelry in Denpasar and Gianyar in Bali and several other cities.Cempaka Gemstone and Diamond MuseumThe Provincial Tourist Office in South Kalimantan planned to build a Diamond Museumnear the diamond mining site at Cempaka village in Banjarbaru, South Kalimantan, which hasbeen projected as one of the tourist attractions. Besides gemstones and diamonds, the tradi-tional mining and processing equipments will be displayed too. Some educational materials onthe mining will be available for the visitors to learn more about traditional gemstone mining,considering that traditional techniques would fade away in the future, this move is meant so thatyounger generation would know the history of gemstone mining. Other space for exhibition,seminars and sales corner will be allocated in the museum for the visitors.Gem Afia Gallery, BandungHundreds of gemstone collected at the Gem Afia Gallery in Bandung , West Java is a smallpart of the evidence about the beauty of Indonesian gemstones. The Gem Afia Gallery was in-augurated on 8 October 2004 as the most complete gallery with various kinds of Indonesianbeautiful gemstones. The owner is Sujatmiko, a senior geologist and gemstone expert, togetherwith his wife Ai Mulyati. They built the gallery not only for business but they have strong com-mitment to dedicate it for research, workshop and gemstones conservation.Institute Teknologi Bandung (Bandung Technology Institute)The Institute, famously known as ITB, is Indonesia’s leading university for engineering and science.Its Department of Geology is a respected research center for geology, including gemstones.Universitas Kristen Maranata (Maranata Christian University)This university has a Department of Gemology which provides various program of communitydevelopment to assist the people in developing gemstones product in East Java.BPPI (Badan Pelestarian Pusaka Indonesia = Indonesian Heritage Trust)The Indonesian Heritage Trust or BPPI was inaugurated on August 17, 2004. It is a civil societyorganization aiming at strengthening and assisting heritage conservation in Indonesia, including Indo-nesia’s rich and diverse culture and natural resources. A lot of the invaluable natural and cultural heri-tage could be lost, damaged, or endangered, due to ignorance, incapacity, or mismanagement. BPPI UniversitiesIndustry Groups, Foundations and AssociationsMuseums
33 Indonesian Gemstone will work together with various relevant institutions to strengthen the heritage conservation system,and assist the safeguard and maintenance of the heritage. BPPI has been active in providing inputsfor policy and a strategy, launching of petition for conservation, organizing monthly discussions, andconsultation with various organizations.Permata Nusantara Indonesia (National Gemstones Society)This organization aims at gathering gemstone sellers and collectors in one organization in order toexchange information on gemstones in Indonesia.Asosiasi Pengusaha Emas dan Permata Indonesia (APEPI or Association of Indonesian Gold-smith and Jewelers)The vision of APEPI is to gather all producers and traders and provide information and trainingto its members in the field of gold and gemstones and the mission is to create and develop good andhealthy environment among the members who deals in gold and gemstones jewelry. The as-sociation provides online information constantly about prices of gold, platinum and silver inthe international market. Other information about gold and jewelry activities is also providedonline.Yayasan Mutu Manikam (Gemstone Foundation)The Foundation aims at developing not only the big, medium and small scale enterprisesbut also the workers. The Foundation provides training and research for the development ofIndonesian Jewelry and gemstones to boost the reputation of Indonesian craftsmanship tothe international level. It will promote Indonesian Jewelry to produce quality and competi-tive products the global market. Not only that but also to preserve the Indonesian traditionaljewelry craftsmanship.Persatuan Pedagang Intan Martapura (Martpura Diamond Traders Association)The association was founded to share diamond trade information among its members andprovide assistance in dealing with technology or human resource development. The organiza-tion becomes a mediator between the traders and the government especially on the policy formulationon the diamond mining, trade and market.Masyarakat Batu Indonesia (Indonesian Gemstone Society)The organization devoted itself for the study, research and preservation of Indonesian gemstones. Trade Fair and Exhibition Besides the Trade Expo Indonesia mentioned earlier, the Jakarta International Jewelry Fair 2010(“JIJF 2010”) is one of many exhibitions which displayed jewelry and gemstones. It is an internationalevent participated by both foreign and local gemstone traders and jewelry manufacturers.
34 Indonesian Gemstone The availability of creative minds, skilled hands, enormoussupply of materials, and adequate government attention are cre-ating opportunities for Indonesian Gemstone industry in theglobal market. With proper vision and management, Indonesiais becoming a major global player. After mining work, then comes gemstone processing, which is much associated with jewelry andaccessories industry. This sector is labor intensive, relying dramatically on delicate craftsmanship andskills of workers which may not be substituted by machines. Labor can be divided by manufacturingprocess into four groups (excluding stone mining) namely gem cutting, diamond cutting, setting orcasting and designing.There are 4 categories of Indonesian jewelry which have been exported to 40 countries in the world,they are: gold, pearls, silver and gemstones. Indonesian gemstones have natural beauty with high com-petitive value in the world market. Atlhough jewelry is considered to be secondary product for mostpeople; the Government has categorized it as a special consumer product having high economic addedvalue and has been prioritized as one of the creative industries that give large contribution to the coun-try’s revenue and absorb labor force.
35 Indonesian Gemstone Raw Material Supply for Gemstones Industry All gemstones producing provinces have quite enough supply for the manufac-turing needs of every single city in the country; that includes precious and semi-pre-cious gemstones like diamond, agate, amethyst, citrine, smoky quartz, opal, chryso-prase, chrysocolla copper chalcedony, tektite, carnelian agate, purple chalcedony, blueopal, variegated jasper, silicified coral, garnet, petrified wood, nephrite jade, prehnite,chrysopal, etc. With sufficient gemstone supply, the industry is potentially able to producejewelry by utilizing the available resources. A proper attention from the government to regulate andprohibit the gem traders selling raw materials overseas has guarantee sufficient supply of gemstones forthe development of domestic jewelry industry. In other words, the abundance of raw materials wouldlead to increased production output. Gemstones Production Facilities World-class production facilities is essential for businesses to compete in the global market. TheGovernment has worked to provide modern machineries to many medium and small industries. Tra-ditional mining technique will gradually modernized with the availability of advanced equipment. Forexample, a large proportion of miners in Martapura are still using traditional equipment in exploringfor diamonds, and only in some areas have people use semi-modern equipments. Nevertheless, thisnumber is growing. Nowadays many big manufacturers have already had their own equipment for cut-ting and designing purposes, enabling them to produce and receive big orders. Domestic Demand With the increasing creativities in designing and producing modern jewelry product for wider do-mestic consumption, especially for fashion products, gemstone are having better position in the do-mestic market. Not only that diamonds have good markets in Indonesian major cities like Jakarta,Bandung, Semarang, Surabaya, Medan, Menado, Makassar and Martapura (as the biggest producer),but smaller cities are having good gemstones markets too, including the gem lovers and collectors whoare dominated by male consumers. Export Demand Jakarta, Gianyar, Denpasar and Yogyakarta, the four famous centers of handicrafts and arts, are us-ing a lot of gemstones in their creative jewelry products which usually combined with gold and silver. Ifwe see the table below, Jakarta was the biggest exporter for jewelry products to world markets reachingup to USD 5 million in 2009, followed by Bali (Denpasar and Gianyar) with export value just slightlybelow USD 5 million in that same year. This number is rising.
36 Indonesian Gemstone Below is the Indonesian export of selected gemstones to Japan, Hong Kong, Malaysia and Ger-many. NO. HSCOMMODITYVALUE JAPAN HONGKONG MALAYSIA AUSTRALIA GERMANY1 7101100000 Natural pearls4 8 - - 0.2942 7101210000 Cultured pearls, unworked6 0.413 - 0.003 -3 7101220000 Cultured pearls, worked0.268 166 - 0.015 -4 7116200000 Articles of precious /semi - precious stones( natural / synthetic / reconstructed )0.064 - 0.509 - -TOTAL10 8 0. 509 3 0.294 Source : BPS - Statistics Indonesia INDONESIA EXPORT OF GEMSTONE TO SELECTED COUNTRYBY COMMODITY , 2009 in US$ (thousand) Gemstones Product and Jewelry In 2005, overall exports of handicrafts to USA, which included gemstone products, reached up toUSD 219.3 million and increased to USD 250.6 million in 2006. Among this, exports of silver jewelrywas USD 1.01 million in 2005 and increased in the period to USD 23 million with 9.21 % share of thetotal handicraft export.Jewelry products demanded by the importers are mostly earrings, necklaces, bracelets, rings, andbrooches made of silver which are combined and filled with gemstones. In Lampung, for instance, onegem processor can produce 20 pieces of gems ready to be casted for jewelry shop. The price is rangingfrom IDR 100 thousand to IDR 3 million per piece. The monthly earnings of the gem trader reach upto IDR 10 million.Jewelry is taken as secondary product for most people; however it is categorized as a special con-sumer product which have economic added value and has been prioritized as one of the creative in-dustries which can contribute to Indonesian revenue and absorb labor force. BPS-Statistics Indonesianoted that in 2009 jewelry contributed 31.7 present of labor force and gave 32.44 percent of Indone-sian product export. In the same year jewelry export reached up to USD 1.02 billion, excluded theundocumented purchase by tourists.
37 Indonesian Gemstone Ministry of Trade Republic of Indonesia Directorate General of International TradeCooperationJI. M.1. Rldwan Rais No.5 Main Building, 8thFloor, Jakarta 10110 - INDONESIAPhone (62-21) 23526200, 23528600Fax (62-21) 23526210E-mail. firstname.lastname@example.orgNational Agency for Export Development(NAFED)JI. M.1. Rldwan Rais No.5 Main Building, 4thFloor, Jakarta 10110 - INDONESIAPhone (62-21) 23527240Fax (62-21) 23527250E-mail. email@example.comCommodity Future Trading RegulatoryAgency (COFTRA)Gedung Bumi Daya Plaza 4th FloorJI. Imam Bonjol NO.61Jakarta 10310 -INDONESIAPhone (62-21) 315 6315Fax(62-21) 315 6135E-mail. firstname.lastname@example.orgWebsite www.bappebti.go.ldTrade Research and Development Agency(TREDA)JI. M.1. Ridwan Rais No. 5 Main Building4th Floor, Jakarta 10110 - INDONESIAPhone (62-21)3858171 (hunting)Facx (62-21) 23528691E-mail email@example.com JI. M.I. Ridwan Rais No.5 Main Building - 4th Floor Jakarta 10110 INDONESIAPhone. [62-21] 385 8171 (hunting) Fax. [62-21] 235 28691E-mail. firstname.lastname@example.org Secretariat GeneralJI. M.1. Ridwan Rais No.5 Main Building I, 7thFloor Jakarta PusatPhone. (62-21) - 23522040 ext. 32040Fax.(62-21) - 23522050sesjen@depda9•90.idInspectorate GeneralJI. M.1. Ridwan Rais No.5 Building I, 10th FloorJakarta Pusat(62-21) - 384 8662, 3841961 Ext.1226(62-21) - 384 email@example.comDirectorate General of Domestic TradeJl. M.I. Ridwan Rais No.5 Building I, 6th FloorJakarta 10110 - INDONESIAPhone (62-21) 23524120, 2352 8620Fax(62-21) 23524130E-mail. dirJenfirstname.lastname@example.orgDirectorate General of Foreign TradeJI. M.I. Ridwan Rals No. 5 Main Buildin, 9th FloorJakarta 10110 - INDONESIAPhone (62-21) 23525160Fax (62-21) 23525170Eemail@example.com
38 Indonesian Gemstone INDONESIAN TRADE ATTACHES AustraliaIndonesian Embassy8, Darwin Avenue,Yarralumia, Canberra Australia A.C.T. 2600T: (61-02) - 62508654F: (61-02) - firstname.lastname@example.orgBelgiumIndonesian Mission to the European UnionBoulevard de la Woluwe 38Brussels, Belgium 1200T: (322) - 7790915F: (322) - email@example.comCanadaIndonesian Embassy55 Parkdale Avenue,Ottawa, Ontario, Canada 1KY - 1E5T: (613) - 7241100 ext. 306F: (613) - 7241105, firstname.lastname@example.org@indonesia-ottawa.orgwww.indonesia-ottawa.orgDenmarkIndonesian EmbassyOrehoj Alle 1, 2900Hellerup, Copenhagen, DenmarkT: (45) - 39624422 ext 215F: (45) - email@example.comEgyptIndonesian Embassy13, Aisha EL Temoria St. Garden CityP.O. BOX 1661 Cairo, EgyptT: (20-2) - 7944698, 7947200/9F: (20-2) - firstname.lastname@example.orgFranceIndonesian Embassy47-49, Rue CortambertParis, France 75116T: (33-1) - 450302760 ext. 418, 45044872F: (33-1) - email@example.comGermanyIndonesian EmbassyLehter Strasse 16-17D-10557 Berlin, Germany 10557T: (49-30) - 4780700F: (49-30) - firstname.lastname@example.orgIndiaIndonesian Embassy50-A ChanakyapuriNew Delhi, India 110021(09-111) - 6114100(09-111) - 6885460, email@example.comItalyIndonesian EmbassyVia Campania, 55Rome Italia 00187T: (39-06) - 4200911, 42009168F: (39-06) - 4880280, firstname.lastname@example.orgJapanIndonesian Embassy5-2-9, Higashi Gotanda Shinagawa-kuTokyo, Japan 1410022T: (81-3) - 34414201, 34470596F: (81-3) - email@example.com_embassy.or.jpMalaysiaIndonesian EmbassyNo. 233 Jalan Tun RazakKuala Lumpur, Malaysia 50400T: (60-3) - 21164000, 21164067F: (60-3) - 21167908, firstname.lastname@example.orgNetherlandsIndonesian Embassy8, Tobias AsserlaanThe Hague, Netherlands 2517 KCT: (31-70) - 310 8115F: (31-70) - 364 email@example.comPeople’s Republic of ChinaIndonesian EmbassyDongzhimenwai DajieNo. 4 Chaoyang District, Beijing, China 100600T: (86-1) - 65324748 -65325488-3014F: (86-1) - firstname.lastname@example.orgPhilippinesIndonesian Embassy185, Salcedo StreetLegaspi Village, Makati City, Metro ManilaT: (63-2) - 8925061-68F:(63-2) - 8925878, email@example.comRussiaIndonesian EmbassyApt. 76, Entr. 3 Korovy val 7Moscow Russia 117049T: (7-495) - 2385281F: (7-495) - firstname.lastname@example.orgSaudi ArabiaIndonesian EmbassyRiyadh Diplomatic Quarter P.O. Box 94343Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 11693T: (966-1) - 4882800, 4882131 ext 120F: (966-1) - email@example.comSingaporeIndonesian Embassy7 Chatsworth RoadSingapore 249761T: (65) - 67375420, 68395458F: (65) - 67375037, firstname.lastname@example.orgSouth KoreaIndonesian Embassy55, Yoido-dong YoungDeoung po-Ku Seoul Korea SelatanT: (82-2) - 7835371-2, 7827750F: (82-2) - 7804280, email@example.comSpainIndonesian Embassy65, Calle de AgastiaMadrid, Spain 28043T: (34-91) - 4130294F: (34-91) - firstname.lastname@example.orgSwitzerlandIndonesian Mission on The United Nations AndOther International Organizations16, Rue de Saint Jean Geneva Switzerland1203T: (41-22) - 3455733F: (41-22) - email@example.comThailandIndonesian Embassy600-602 Pitchburi Road, Rajthevi P.O.Box1318Bangkok, Thailand 10400T: (66-2) - 2551264 ex 123F: (66-2) - 2551264, firstname.lastname@example.orgUnited KingdomIndonesian Embassy38 Grosvenor SquareLondon, England W1K2HWT: (44-20) - 72909613, 74997881F: (44-20) - email@example.comUnited States of AmericaIndonesian Embassy2020 Massachusetts Avenue, N.W.Washington DC, USA 20036T: (1-202) - 7755350, 7755200 ext 350F: (1-202) - 7755354, firstname.lastname@example.org
39 Indonesian Gemstone INDONESIAN TRADE PROMOTION CENTER CONSULATE-GENERALSINDONESIAN ECONOMICAND TRADE OFFICE United Arab EmiratesIndonesian Consulate General Villa No. 1Community 322/2A Al HubaidaP.O. Box 73759 Dubai UAET: (971-4) 3985666, 3985103F: (971-4) 23980804Hong KongIndonesian General Consulate 127-129Leighton Road, 6-8 Keswick StreetCauseway Bay HongkongT: (852) - 28904421 - 28902481F: (852) - email@example.comTaiwanIndonesian Economic and Trade Office to Tai-pei Twinhead Bld 6F No. 550 Rui Goang Roadeihu District Taipei Taiwan 114(886-2)-87526170(886-2)-firstname.lastname@example.org://kdei-taipei.orgITPC BarcelonaCalle Aribau 250, Ground Fl.Barcelona, Spainabuamar98@email@example.comITPC Budapest1051 Budapest, Bajcsy-Zsilinszky ut.12, IV Floor, No. 409 Budapest HongariaT: (36-1) 3176382F: (36-1) firstname.lastname@example.orgITPC Busan103 Korea Express Building 1211-1 ChoryangDong, Dong-GU Busan, South KoreaT: (82-51) 4411708F: (82-51) email@example.comITPC ChennaiIspahani Center - 2nd Floor 123/124,Nungambakkan High Road, ChennaiChennai, Indiaitpcfirstname.lastname@example.orgITPC Chicago70 West Erie 3rd FL. ChicagoChicago, USAitpcemail@example.comITPC DubaiArbift Tower4 floor # 403 Baniyas street DeiraPO.Box 41664, Dubai - UAET: (971-4) 2278544F: (971-4) firstname.lastname@example.orgITPC HamburgMulti Buro Servise Glokengisserwall 1720095Hamburg - GermanyT: (49-40) 33313-333F: (49-40) email@example.comITPC JeddahJeddah Intl.Business Center / JIBC 2nd FlPO.BOX 6659, Jeddah 21452KSA.Ruwais District, Jeddah, Saudi Arabiaitpcfirstname.lastname@example.orgITPC JohannesburgSuite 02/E4, 2nd Floor, Village Walk SandtonP.O. Box 2146, RSA Johannesburg X9916T: (27)-118-846-240F: (27)-email@example.comITPC LagosLagos, Nigeriaitpcfirstname.lastname@example.orgITPC Los Angeles3457, Wilshire, Blvd, Suit 101Los Angeles, USA 90010T: (1-213)-3877041F: (1-213)-email@example.com@sbcglobal.netwww.itpcla.orgITPC LyonLyon, Francebambang.firstname.lastname@example.org@depdag.go.idITPC Mexico CityMexico City, Mexicoikhwan_aman@email@example.comITPC MilanVia Vittor Pisani, 8 - 6° Piano 20124 Milano, ItalyT: (39-02) 3659 8182F: (39-02) 3659 firstname.lastname@example.orgITPC OsakaITM-4-J-8, Asia and Pasific Trade Center2-1-10 Nanko Kita, Suminoe-ku Osaka, JapanT: (81-6) 66155350F: (81-6) email@example.comITPC SantiagoClaro Solar Street No. 835, Office 304Temuco District and City Santiago, Chilialiakbar_h2000@yahoo.comITPC Sao PauloAlameda Santos, 1787 - Conj. 111 CerqueiraCesar, CEF: 01419.002Sao Paulo, BrasilT: (55-11) 32630472 / 35411413F: (55-11) firstname.lastname@example.orgITPC ShanghaiXu Hui Distrik, Wend Ding Road4th Fl, Shanghai RRCitpcemail@example.comITPC SydneyLevel 2, 60 Street, NSW 2000Sydney, AustraliaT: (61-2) 92528783F: (61-2) firstname.lastname@example.orgITPC Vancouver1500 West Georgia, VancouverVancouver, CanadaOlvyandrinita@email@example.com
40 Indonesian Gemstone Selected Exporter for Gemstones Al_Hidayah Cahaya Bumi Slamet Number Blok CBS No. 3B– 4B No. 1, Martapura, South KalimantanPhone : 62- 511- 472 0264 Alia Jewelry [Jakarta Branch] Hotel Kemang, Ground Floor,Jl. Kemang Raya No. 2-H, Kebayoran Baru,South Jakarta 12730, IndonesiaFax: (021) 7194131,Fax.(021) 7194151Phone : (021) 7194121Product : Jewelry, precious stone Alia Jewelry Jl. Raya Magelang Km. 19, Salam,Magelang,Central Java, IndonesiaFax: (0293) 588182Phone : (0293) 588182Product : Jewelry and precious stone Al-Mukhlies Jl. Pramuka No. 5-D, Umbulharjo, Yogyakarta,IndonesiaFax: (0274) 385971Phone : (0274) 385971Product : Silver ware and jewelry Amie Silver & Leather Jl. Kemasan No. 24-28, Kotagede, Yogyakarta55172 , IndonesiaFax: (0274) 378341Phone : (0274) 371298Product : Leather and silver goods, jewelry Amulet Indonesia Jl. Kusumanegara No. 189,Yogyakarta 55121Yogyakarta, IndonesiaFax: (0274) 583324Phone : (0274) 583324Product : Souvenir, fashion and custom jewelry Arandas Silver Jl. Kemasan No. 30, Kotagede, Yogyakarta55172, IndonesiaFax: (0274) 377872Phone : (0274) 376870Product : Silver jewelry Aristya Silver (Jewelry) Jl. Raya Celuk Sukawati, Gianyar, BaliPhone : (0361)298174Mobile : 08123800837/08123870946Fax: (0361)298174E-mail :firstname.lastname@example.org Association of Exporters andProducers of Indonesian Handicraft(ASEPHI) - Asosiasi Eksportir danProdusen Handicraft Indonesia(ASEPHI) Jl. Wijaya I No. 3-A, Kebayoran Baru,Jakarta Selatan, IndonesiaFax: (021) 7252062Phone : (021) 7252032, (021) 7252033 Asosiasi Pengusaha Emas dan Per-mata Indonesia (APEPI) (Associationof Indonesian Goldsmith and Jewel-ler (APEPI)) Gajah Mada Tower, 22nd Floor Suite 2201,Jl. Gajah Mada No. 19-26, Jakarta Pusat10130,IndonesiaFax: (021) 6345105Phone : (021) 63858888, (021) 6340863Product : Goldsmith and jewelry Asosiasi Pertambangan Indonesia(IMA) (Indonesian Mining Association(IMA) Wisma Gajah, 5th Floor Unit A-2,Jl. Dr. Sahardjo No. 111, Tebet,Jakarta Selatan12810, IndonesiaFax: (021) 8303632, (021) 8280763Phone : (021) 83705657, (021) 8303632 Bali Gold Contact Person: I Made WasantaJl. Raya Celuk Sukawati, Gianyar, BaliPhone : (0361) 298152Fax: (0361) 298152 Bali Jewelry Jl Kecubung D78 , Denpasar, BaliFax: 62 361 462 288Contact Person Person: Deni AryasaWebsite : www.preciousbali.comEmail :email@example.com Bandung Art Shop Jl. Pasar Baru No 18,Jakarta Pusat 10710,IndonesiaFax: (021) 3803193Phone : (021) 3812722, (021) 3858701Product : Handicraft, statute; Jewelry, silver Blue Safir Permata Komplek Martapura Plaza Lantai DasarMartapura – South Kalimantan0511-4721052Product : Gold and GemstonesContact Person: H. Abdulah Gawis Borobudur Silver Jl. Menteri Supeno No. 41, Umbulharjo, Yogya-karta 55162, IndonesiaFax: (0274) 375439Phone : (0274) 374037Product : Jewelry & souvenir from silver Crown Jewellery Inc Plaza Indonesia, 3rd Floor No. 102,Jl. MH. Thamrin Kav. 28-30, Central Jakarta10350, IndonesiaFax: (021) 31930836Phone : (021) 3142954Product : Jewelry, diamond DC Interior House Jl. Kemang Timur No. 46-A,Jakarta Selatan12730, IndonesiaFax: (021) 71792920Phone : (021) 7194856Product : Wooden furniture; Antiques; Jewelry;Handicraft; Souvenir Duta Bintang Permata, PT. Jl. Kebayoran Lama No. 18, Jakarta Barat11560, IndonesiaFax: (021) 7256232Phone : (021) 7256233Product : Silver jewelry Fandiasta Jl. Olah Raga I No. 1-B Kemanggisan, Slipi,West Jakarta 11480, IndonesiaFax: (021) 5364520Phone : (021) 5346771, (021) 5330021Product : Jewelry of stone and pearl Gema Afia Group Contact Person: SudjatmikoJl. Pasir Luhur No. 20 Padasuka Bandung, WestJavaPhone : 022- 6012545, 022-7103666Fax: 022-6075855 Grammes Jewelry Jl. Raya Basangkasa No 75 B, Kompleks Perto-koan Seminyak Center,Seminyak, Kuta, BaliPhone : 62 361 731 562, 62 818 562 212Fax: 62 361 420 428Website : www.grammesbali.comEmail : firstname.lastname@example.orgContact Person : Teguh Budi Rahardjo Indah Permata Cahaya Bumi Slamet Number Blok C No. 1,Martapura, South KalimantanPhone : 62 0511 472 0212, 62 856 5100 4530Contact Person Person: H. Faisal Itamaraya Gold Industry Tbk., PT. Jl. Rungkut Industri II No. 45,Surabaya 60291East Java,IndonesiaFax: (031) 8439212Phone : (031) 8418289, (031) 8419365,Product : Gold jewelry
41 Indonesian Gemstone Jakarta Raya Golden Industri, PT. Jl. Rungkut Industri III No. 25,Surabaya 60292East Java, IndonesiaFax: (031) 8495921Phone : (031) 8495922, (031) 8490904,Product : Gold jewelry Kahyangan (Jewelry) Address: Jl. Raya Celuk 8 X Gianyar 80030, BaliPhone : (0361) 298040Fax: (0361)298041E-mail : email@example.comWebsite : www.balikahyangansilver.comContact Person: I Nyoman Jabud Koming Ayu (Mutiara/jewelry) Jl. Raya Celuk Sukowati, Gianyar, BaliPhone : (0361) 298302Contact Person: Nyoman Rupadana Indonesia Central Bank - EmployeeCoopertivesModern Diamond Cutting (and Shop) Jl. Jen. A. Yani Km 37 No. 1-2 BanjarmasinPhone : 0511- 772519Fax: 0511 - 780132 Krida Margaritas, PT. Jl. Gedong Panjang No. 2 BD, Jakarta Barat11240,IndonesiaFax: (021) 6918206Phone : (021) 6918204, (021) 6918205Product : Pearl jewelry, real and culture LED Studio / Sawah Jewelry Jl Bisma / Simpang Nakula No 9 X , Legian Kaja,Kuta, BaliPhone : 62 361 757702, 62 81 238 47424Fax: 62 361 757 701Website : www.led-studio-bali.comEmail : firstname.lastname@example.orgContact Person: Susan Roziadi Maha Blanco Jewelry Contact Person: Mahadewi BlancoThe Blanco Renaissance Museum,Jl. Raya Campuhan , Ubud, Bali 80571Phone : 0361 975 502, 62 81 388 800Fax: 62 361 975551Website : www.mahablanco.comEmail : email@example.com Megaria Putra Nusantara Villa Aster 1/C-17, S. Asri, Semarang CentralJavaPhone : 6224 - 747 8417Email : firstname.lastname@example.org Milas Silver Jl. Kemasan No. 52, Kotagede,Yogyakarta55172 Yogyakarta,IndonesiaFax: (0274) 377872Phone : (0274) 371196Product : Silver jewelry Modern Jewels, PT. Jl. Ir. H. Juanda No. 14,Jakarta Pusat 10120,Indonesia, JakartaFax: (021) 3847044Phone : (021) 3814070Product : Jewelry, goldsmith and silver Nadia Gemes Kp. Cipedes RT 02/05 Desa Ciperang PurabayaSukabumiPhone : 08164632215Contact Person: Bebeng Anwari New Hongkong Jewelry Gajah Mada Plaza, 2nd Floor Room 78-87,Jl. Gajah Mada No. 19-26, Jakarta Pusat10130,IndonesiaFax: (021) 6338845Phone : (021) 6346037, (021) 6336038Product : Gold and precious stone; Jewelry Nufas Silver Jl. Kemasan No. 68-A, Kotagede, Yogyakarta55172 IndonesiaFax: (0274) 375589Phone : (0274) 375589Product : Silver jewelry; Handicraft Nyoman Mantra Jl. Raya Besakih Undisan Tembuku, Bangli, BaliPhone : (0366) 91926Contact Person: Nyoman Mantra Patra’s Collection Br. Cemenggawon, Celuk Sukawati Gianyar BaliPhone : 0361- 298758, 0361 - 299310Fax: 0361 - 298121Email :email@example.com Permata Albasiah Komplek Pertokoan Cahaya Bumi Selamat(CBS) Blok A No. 22Martapura, South KalimantanMobile : 0811507476Product : Gold and Gemstones Permata Borneo Komplek Pertokoan Bumi SelamatMartapura – KaltimPhone : 0511- 4721840Product : Silver and GemstonesContact Person: H. Amdan Azan Prapen Jewelry Jl. Jagaraga No 66, Celuk, Sukawati, Gianyar,BaliPhone : 62 361 291 333Email : Contact Personus@prapen.comContact Person: Komang Reny Feby Jewelry Jl. Barito No. 7B (Kramat Pela) South JakartaPhone : 021 - 72784016Email : firstname.lastname@example.orgWebsite : www.renyfebryjewelry.comContact Person: Solochin Sogar production Jl. Rajawali, Bungbulang Kabupaten Garut, WestJavaFax: 0262 – 541488Contact Person: D. Sogar Sumberkreasi Ciptalogam Jl. I Gusti Ngurah Rai No. 1,Cipinang Lontar,Jakarta Timur 13420,IndonesiaFax:(021) 8199223Phone :(021) 8199403Product : Gold and silver jewelry Ubiban Sri Pati Jl. Sukodono, Kec. Donorejo Pacitan, East JavaPhone : 0347- 511178Contact Person: Pardianto Udin Permata Cahaya Bumi Slamet Number 5C, Martapura,South KalimantanPhone : 62-511-472 2436, 62-813-4971 7845Contact Person: Rachmat Hidayat Waya Wirata Br. Seseh Singapadu Gianyar , BaliPhone : (0361) 298165 Zambrud Plaza Jl. Raya A. Yani No. 132 MartapuraSouth KalimantanPhone : 0511-4720751, : 0511-4721276Fax: 0511 - 4720751Email : email@example.comWebsite : http://www.permatazamrud.comProduct : Gold and GemstonesContact Person: Farhan Abdulah UC Silver, a UC Group Company. Jalan Raya Batubulan Gg. Candrametu No. 2,Batubulan, Gianyar, Bali 80582 - IndonesiaPhone : 62.361.461511 / +62.361.461800,Fax: 62.361.461512,Email :firstname.lastname@example.org
42 Indonesian Gemstone
43 Indonesian Gemstone
44 Indonesian Gemstone Ministry of Trade Republic of IndonesiaJl. M.I. Ridwan Rais No. 5. Main Building 4th FloorJakarta 10110, IndonesiaTelp. : (62-21) 385 8171Fax. : (62-21) 235 28691Web : www.depdag.go.id